Characterization of age groups-kindergarten (3 to 5 years)
Children at preschool ages (3 to 5 years old) are at a very important stage of their development, since they pass from the sensorimotor level, where everything is centred in their own body and in their action, to a level of development The pre-operational level, in which they begin to be able to mentally represent the people and things that are part of their environment.
These children begin to come around to new discoveries and learnings, to better coordinate their motor skills, to be able to exercise better control over their actions and a larger dominion in the language they use.
A child who feels secure in the relationship with his parents becomes increasingly independent, and if stimulated begins to create emotional relationships outside the family. Although they still feel some difficulty in resolving conflicts and controlling some impulses (where some tantrums, crying or pouting result), it is possible to observe altruistic attitudes and to see beautiful friendships with other children and adults. Life in Kindergarten intensifies these experiences. There is an investment by the child in curiosity and in the desire to learn by questioning, associating, relating almost everything that goes on around him.
This exploratory attitude characterized by curiosity and openness to the surrounding world helps her to be more apt and willing to produce more original and flexible ideas in the response to the problems that arise.
We believe that with such small children, the approaches cannot be done in a segmented way, so we build objectives that promote activities that are transversal, always making a point of interrelating the playful component with the didactic component, and in particular, in the case of our school, with the teaching of the English Language.
Thus, we have as main objectives for kindergarten:
- To privilege moments of socialization that allow the recognition of oneself and others;
- Create opportunities for the child to communicate and express themselves verbally;
- To promote a multiplicity and variety of experiences that support the taste for discovery and curiosity to know more;
- Develop different activities that stimulate children’s imagination and creativity;
- Encourage autonomy and the pleasure of know-how alone;
- Strengthen personal and social skills to develop positive self-esteem.